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EdgeX Foundry Celebrates 5 Years, Issues Kamakura Release

By Announcement

Community’s 10th release comes at project’s fifth anniversary and adds new features related to metrics collection, security, and configurability 

SAN FRANCISCO – May 12, 2022EdgeX Foundry, a highly-scalable and flexible open source framework that facilitates interoperability between devices and applications at the IoT edge, and a  Linux Foundation project under the LF Edge umbrella, today announced the release of version 2.2 of EdgeX, codenamed ‘Kamakura.’  It is the project’s tenth release and coincides with the celebration of EdgeX Foundry’s fifth anniversary.

“Many new startup businesses don’t last 5 years, and for EdgeX to reach its fifth birthday while consistently releasing twice a year since its inception is quite the achievement,” said Jim White, chairman of the EdgeX Foundry Technical Steering Committee and CTO of IoTSystems.  “The project continues to see global adoption growth, especially in places like China, and its success is a testament to both the need for an open edge/IoT platform, as well as the dedication and support of a fantastic development community.”

“Having set itself apart as the de facto open source IoT framework for edge computing in just five years is no small feat,” said Arpit Joshipura, general manager, Networking, Edge, and IoT at the Linux Foundation. “The continued growth and success of EdgeX Foundry is a testament to its strong community and ability to innovate in real time. Congratulations to the entire ecosystem on this  milestone,  as well as the release of Kamakura.”  

While a ‘dot’ release, EdgeX Kamakura still contains a number of new features while still maintaining backward compatibility with all 2.x releases.  

With the Kamakura release, EdgeX has added: 

  •  micro service metrics/telemetry collection capability (beta) – making it easier for adopters to monitor the health and status of the EdgeX services
  • delayed start services – allowing services to be added and started anytime and still receive security tokens without the need for a restart of the platform
  • new camera device services – allowing improved capabilities to command, control and interface with ONVIF and USB cameras
  • dynamic device profiles – allowing device profiles to be modified over time without needing to remove and re-add devices/sensors
  • V2 of the CLI – an update of the command line interface making it compatible with EdgeX 2.x releases while also adding 100% coverage of the REST APIs

Learn more about the Kamakura release on the EdgeX Foundry Wiki site or on the blog post

EdgeX Foundry Tech Talks

The EdgeX community will be presenting a new series of “EdgeX Foundry Tech Talks,” designed to help people get started with EdgeX. The series begins May 24  and will run weekly through June.  Developers and adopters can register for the series at the following links:

 

About the Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 1,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open-source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more.  The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at linuxfoundation.org.

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The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

 

American Tower Joins LF Edge as Premiere Member, Community Adds EdgeGallery to Project Roster

By Announcement

LF Edge furthers innovation at the open source edge across a unified ecosystem, with induction of Edge Gallery —an open-source MEC edge computing project —and adds leading innovator American Tower as Premiere member and Ritsumeikan University as new Associate member

SAN FRANCISCO February 28, 2022 LF Edge, an umbrella organization within the Linux Foundation that aims to establish an open, interoperable framework for edge computing independent of hardware, silicon, cloud, or operating system, today announced American Tower has joined the project as  a Premier member. Additionally, the project announced Edge Gallery has joined the umbrella as a Stage 1 project, RITSUMEIKAN University has joined as an Associate member, and the community issued its 2021 Annual Report.

American Tower, a global leading infrastructure provider of wireless, data center, and interconnect solutions to enable a connected world, joins other existing LF Edge Premiere members: Altran, Arm, AT&T, AVEVA, Baidu, Charter Communications, Dell Technologies, Dianomic, Equinix, Ericsson, F5, Fujitsu, Futurewei, HP, Huawei, Intel, IBM, NTT, Radisys, RedHat, Samsung, Tencent, VMware, Western Digital, ZEDEDA.

“We are pleased to see even more leading technology innovators joining as LF Edge members,” said Arpit Joshipura, general manager, Networking, Edge and IOT, the Linux Foundation. “The proliferation of new technologies joining collaborative innovation at the open source edge means scalability, interoperability, and market innovation is happening across the ecosystem.”

About America Tower

American Tower, one of the largest global REITs, is a leading independent owner, operator and developer of multitenant communications real estate with a portfolio of approximately 219,000 communications sites. For more information about American Tower, please visit americantower.com.

“We are excited to join LF Edge and their members to accelerate innovation, enabled by edge network architecture. A distributed model, positioning critical data closer to the user, provides the low-latency infrastructure to deliver the automation, performance, and cognitive insight required by manufacturing, healthcare, transportation, and more.” – Eric Watko, Vice President, Product Line Management, American Tower.

American Tower is joined by new Associate member, RITSUMEIKAN University, a private university in Kyoto, Japan, that traces its origin to 1869. With the Kinugasa Campus in Kyoto, and Kyoto Prefecture, the university also has a satellite called Biwako-Kusatsu Campus and Osaka-Ibaraki Campus. Ritsumeikan university is known as one of western Japan’s four leading private universities. 

EdgeGallery Joins LF Edge Umbrella

Celebrating it’s two-year mark as an umbrella project, LF Edge welcomes its tenth project, Edge Gallery. Edge Gallery is an open-source MEC edge computing project initiated by Huawei, carriers, and vertical industry partners that joined the Linux Foundation in late 2021. Its purpose is to build a common edge computing platform that meets the “connection + computing” characteristics of the telecom industry, standardize the openness of network capabilities (especially 5G network capabilities), and simplify lifecycle processes such as MEC application development, test, migration, and running. 

EdgeGallery joins the nine existing projects – Akraino, Baetyl, FledgeEdgeX Foundry, Home Edge, Open Horizon, Project EVE, Secure Device Onboard (SDO) and State of the Edge – that support emerging edge applications across areas such as non-traditional video and connected things that require lower latency, and faster processing and mobility. LF Edge helps  unify a fragmented edge market around a common, open vision for the future of the industry.

LF Edge 2021 Annual Report

The LF Edge community also issued a report of its progress and results from the past year. “LF Edge  “ summarizes key highlights (including blueprints, deployments and momentum) Governing Board, Technical Advisory Board, Outreach Committee and General Manager. To download the report, visit: https://www.lfedge.org/resources/publications/

More details on LF Edge, including how to join as a member, details on specific projects and other resources, are available here: www.lfedge.org.

About The Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 1,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more.  The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at linuxfoundation.org.

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The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

Open Networking & Edge Executive Forum (ONEEF) Returns Virtually, April 12-14, 2022

By Announcement, LF Edge

Global Industry Executives across telco, cloud and enterprise to share thought-leading visions with global open source networking and edge communities – in across alternating time zones 

SAN FRANCISCO, February 22, 2022 – The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, in partnership with LF Networking and LF Edge​​today announced the Open Networking & Edge Executive Forum (ONEEF) will take place virtually April 12-14, 2022. The Open Networking & Edge Executive Forum (spring) and Summit (fall) are the industry’s premier open networking and edge computing events focused on end to end solutions powered by open source. 

Building on the successful inaugural ONEEF event last spring, the Linux Foundation, LF Networking, and LF Edge are pleased to announce the 2022 Executive Forum, where leading industry executives will again share their visions from the Telco, Cloud, and Enterprise verticals. Attendees will learn how to leverage open source ecosystems and gain new insights for digital transformation. Presented in a virtual format across three days, this is a one-track event starting in a different time zone each day to better reach our global audience. 

“We are  pleased to welcome thought leaders from across the globe to the virtual stage for ONEEF 2022,” said Arpit Joshipura, general manager, Networking, Edge & IoT, at the Linux Foundation. “This curated experience is designed to complement the Open Networking & Edge Summit with thought leaders and collaborators from around the globe coming together to share insights, best practices, and new ideas that enhance the vertical space across open source networking, edge, cloud and enterprise stacks.”

Details on Executive speakers and session agenda will be available soon, but attendees can expect to hear industry insights from Analysys Mason analyst Caroline Chappell, as well as updates on the direction of major initiatives like the 5G Super Blue Print. Stay tuned for more details.

Speakers and Content from ONEEF 2021, including sessions videos, are available online.

Registration & Sponsorships

Presented in a virtual format across three days, this is a one track event that will be held in a different time zone each day to reach our global audience in the Americas, EMEA, and APAC. There is no cost to attend, but participants must be registered in order to access the sessions: https://events.linuxfoundation.org/open-networking-and-edge-exec-forum/

Sponsorship opportunities are available for this special executive edition of Open Networking & Edge Summit. For more information on sponsoring this event, contact us at events@lfnetworking.org.

The LF Networking developer community will also host the LFN Developer & Testing Forum this Summer, taking place June 13-16, in Porto, Portugal. Registration for that event  is also open, with more details to come. 

About the Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 2,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more. The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit linuxfoundation.org.

The Linux Foundation Events are where the world’s leading technologists meet, collaborate, learn and network in order to advance innovations that support the world’s largest shared technologies.

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see its trademark usage page: www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. 

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EdgeX Foundry to Host “EdgeX Smart * Challenge,” a Virtual Global Hackathon, in Early 2022

By Announcement, EdgeX Foundry

 

SAN FRANCISCO – December 9, 2021EdgeX Foundry, the open source, vendor-neutral IoT/edge platform hosted by the Linux Foundation as part of the LF Edge project umbrella, is pleased  to announce the EdgeX Smart * Challenge – a virtual global hackathon – to begin in early 2022.

The Smart * (“Smart Star”) Challenge will highlight EdgeX’s applicability in use cases such as

  • smart building – the use of EdgeX in a solution that improves the safety, security, or efficiency of a building or provides building inhabitants more comfort, quality of life or productivity enhancements.
  • smart agriculture – the use of EdgeX in a solution that increases the quantity or quality of crop and animal products, reduces labor costs or improves safety of ag workers or the food supply they deliver.
  • smart energy – the use of EdgeX in a solution that improves energy (electric, gas, etc.) efficiency, optimizes energy storage or transportation, reduces environmental impact from energy use, improves energy sustainability, or helps ensure or protect energy grid safety.
  • smart manufacturing – the use of EdgeX in a solution that improves manufacturing/factory output, optimizes supply chain flow in the manufacturing process, reduces loss, prevents maintenance or other manufacturing system outages, reduces energy use, or improves worker safety

Sponsors for the Smart * Challenge include Intel, HP, BSI and IOTech Systems.  If you are an organization that has interest in helping sponsor the event, please email interest to info@edgexfoundry.org

The challenge will be held virtually over five weeks between January 24 and March 4, 2022. 

Edge/IoT teams interested in competing in this challenge should explore the contest Wiki site and send an email to info@edgexfoundry.org to receive a notification when registration for the event is open.

Details on past hackathons, including the EdgeX Foundry Challenge, Shanghai 2020 and the inaugural EdgeX hackathon, The EdgeX Open  2019

About the Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 1,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open-source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more.  The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at linuxfoundation.org.

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The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. 

EdgeX Foundry Announces EdgeX 2.1 LTS, the Project’s First Long Term Support Release

By Announcement

Community debuts Developer Badge Program to recognize, reward  developer contributions as it begins plans for Spring 2022 release, codenamed ‘Kamakura’

SAN FRANCISCO December 1, 2021 EdgeX Foundry, a Linux Foundation project under the  LF Edge project umbrella, today announced the release of version 2.1 of EdgeX, codenamed ‘Jakarta.’  The project’s ninth release, it follows the recent Ireland release, which was the project’s second major release (version 2.0). Jakarta is significant in that it is EdgeX’s first release to offer long term support (LTS). 

Long Term Support

“Our Jakarta release is a stabilization release,” said Jim White, the EdgeX Foundry Technical Steering Committee  (TSC) Chairman and co-founder of the project.  “As such, it is our project community’s pledge to adopters that EdgeX offers you a stable version of the platform that you can expect the community to stand behind and support for a period of two years.  We stand with you in support of EdgeX in real world, commercial deployments of the platform.”

“Only a few open-source projects offer long term support; the rapid change of open source projects and the effort needed to LTS is significant,” said Arpit Joshipura, general manager, Networking, Edge and IoT, at the Linux Foundation. “By including LTS, EdgeX demonstrates it understands the needs of the operational technology (OT) user base, and how products in this space must work and operate over longer periods of time than traditional IT solutions,” said Arpit Joshipura. “This is a big milestone for any open source community, and we are incredibly proud of EdgeX Foundry for this achievement.”

 The EdgeX long term support policy states that the community will work as quickly as possible and give “best effort and development priority to fix major flaws as soon as possible.”  Major flaws by the project are defined as 

  • bugs causing the system or service to crash and where there is no work around for the function
  • bugs for a feature/function that does not work and there is no work around for the function
  • a security issue deemed a critical or high-level CVE (per CVSS)

The project has further stipulated in its LTS policy that “no new major functionality (at the discretion of the TSC) will be added” to the LTS version after the release happens.

More information about the Jakarta release, including a list of new features, can be found here: https://wiki.edgexfoundry.org/display/FA/Jakarta

EdgeX Developer Badge Program

As a part of this release cycle, EdgeX  also announced a new EdgeX Developer Badge program.  EdgeX has created the Developer Badge program to thank those making initial impacts to the project by providing  something that they can use to highlight their efforts and volunteerism on social media platforms.   Contributors have started receiving an official digital badge (award through Credly) when 

  • they make their first contribution (their first GitHub Pull Request is accepted by the project and merged into one of the project’s code repositories)
  • they fix two documented bugs of the project

Additional badges for other work may be awarded by the community in the future.

Kamakura Release – Spring 2022

The next EdgeX release, codenamed “Kamakura,” is set for Spring 2022.  The community has held its semi-annual planning session to lay out the goals and objectives of this release.  Kamakura is likely to be another dot-release that will again be backward compatible with all EdgeX 2.x releases (Ireland and Jakarta).  Major additions currently under consideration and being developed by the community include:

  • Initial north to south message bus.  Improved security secrets seeding and allowing for delayed service starts.
  • Metrics collection. .
  • Dynamic device profiles.  Better (native) Windows support
  • Improve testing – including real hardware testing
  • A second version release of the EdgeX Command Line Interface (CLI) which,  compatible with EdgeX v2.x.

 Learn more about this release on the project’s Wiki site.

About the Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 1,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open-source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more.  The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at linuxfoundation.org.

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The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. 

LF Edge Welcomes New Premier Members F5, VMware as it matures into a Framework for Real- World Edge, Telco, and IoT Solutions

By Announcement
  • Industry leaders F5, VMware, Eclipse Foundation, mimik, Platform 9, Teal Communications, and Veea, Inc. join open source edge project umbrella to collaborate on furthering edge computing
  • LF Edge’s portfolio of projects continue to diversify with addition of eKuiper and Project Alvarium to address IoT data analytics and trust fabrics; additionally, Linux Foundation welcomes Edge Gallery for open MEC edge computing
  • Akraino and EdgeX Foundry project releases enhance commercially-adopted, deployable solutions for IoT and edge use cases including 25+ blueprints

SAN FRANCISCO, October 11, 2021 LF Edge, an umbrella organization within the Linux Foundation that creates an open, interoperable framework for edge computing independent of hardware, silicon, cloud, or operating system, today announced the project’s maturity as a deployable framework with expanded open source solutions to meet real-world demands. Industry leaders F5 and VMware have joined the community as Premier members as LF Edge maturation includes new projects, general members, project releases and blueprints that enable deployable solutions.  

“Growth within the LF Edge community continues to accelerate, and we are thrilled to welcome even more industry-leading organizations to the community,” said Arpit Joshipura, General Manager, Networking, Edge, and IoT, the Linux Foundation. “This is in line with industry trends as more and more organizations across verticals realize the power of open source at the edge. Our diverse set of new projects and new members works in tandem with the broader LF Edge community to enable real-world edge, IoT, IIoT, and telco solutions. ”

New Members

Two new Premier members have joined LF Edge (F5 and VMWare), along with four General members (mimik, Platform 9, Teal Communications, Veea, Inc.), and one Associate Member (Eclipse Foundation). 

F5 is a multi-cloud application security and delivery company that enables its customers—which include the world’s largest enterprises, financial institutions, service providers, and governments—to bring extraordinary digital experiences to life. 

“F5 is excited to join the Linux Foundation Edge Board and we look forward to collaborating on an open, interoperable framework that enables industries and individuals to innovate at the edge,” said Geng Lin, executive vice president and CTO at F5. “Our participation will help accelerate the delivery of an Edge 2.0 platform, a security-first, app-driven approach with unlimited scale that will empower every business to unlock the full potential of the emerging edge.” 

VMware is a leading provider of multi-cloud services for all apps, enabling digital innovation with enterprise control. As a trusted foundation to accelerate innovation, VMware software gives businesses the flexibility and choice they need to build the future. 

Kaniz Mahdi, vice president of distributed edge, VMware, said, “VMware is helping leading service providers around the world modernize their networks to deliver and monetize next- generation applications. We are working side-by-side with customers and partners to unravel the complexities that come with delivering these apps across a distributed edge. As such, we are excited to join the LF Edge, an organization focused on building an open framework to support edge-native workloads. With virtualization in our DNA and a deep-rooted footprint in the cloud, VMware is uniquely positioned to contribute to this important ambition.”

Bringing an even more diverse perspective to the LF Edge community, new general and Associate members include:

  • mimik provides a hybrid edge cloud computing application development platform and business enablers for digital transformation, 
  • Platform 9 enables operations teams to run Kubernetes as a Managed Service on multi-cloud, on-premise or edge at scale.
  • Teal Communications is the first cloud-native, Credentialing-as-a-Service platform that provides intelligent connectivity and networking solutions to IoT device and network operators.
  • Veea is redefining and simplifying secure edge computing that improves application responsiveness, reduces bandwidth costs and eliminates central cloud dependency.
  • Eclipse Foundation provides its global community of individuals and organizations with a mature, scalable, and business-friendly environment for open source software collaboration and innovation.

New Projects

eKuiper and Project Alvarium have joined the growing LF Edge project portfolio while Edge Gallery joins the Linux Foundation. Covering IoT analytics and trust fabrics respectively, eKuiper and Project Alvarium join the nine existing LF Edge projects: (Stage 3) Akraino and EdgeX Foundry; (Stage 2)  Project EVE, Fledge, Home Edge, Open Horizon, and State of the Edge; and (Stage 1) Beatyl and Secure Device Onboard (SDO). 

Edge Gallery joins the Linux Foundation and will work closely with LF Edge projects. More information about the new projects:

  • Project Alvarium, with initial code seeded by Dell Technologies, is aimed at building a framework and SDK for trust fabrics that deliver data from devices to applications with measurable confidence. Trust fabrics take a system-level approach by layering trust insertion technologies spanning silicon to cloud and will usher in an entire new era of business models and customer experiences driven by interconnected ecosystems. Initial contributing companies include Dell, the IOTA Foundation, Intel, Arm, VMware and ZEDEDA.
  • eKuiper,  is an edge lightweight IoT data analytics / streaming software implemented by Golang,that can be run on all kinds of resource-constrained edge. It migrates cloud real-time cloud streaming analytics frameworks such as Apache Spark, Apache Storm and Apache Flink to the edge.
  • Edge Gallery is an open-source MEC edge computing project initiated by Huawei, carriers, and vertical industry partners. Its purpose is to build a common edge computing platform that meets the “connection + computing” characteristics of the telecom industry, standardize the openness of network capabilities (especially 5G network capabilities), and simplify lifecycle processes such as MEC application development, test, migration, and running.

“We’re excited to welcome Project Alvarium, eKuiper and Edge Gallery to the Linux Foundation project family,” said Jason Shepherd, Board Chair, LF Edge and VP Ecosystem, ZEDEDA. “We look forward to continuing to collaborate across our project portfolio to make edge solutions more accessible, scalable and secure, in addition to enabling entirely new business models.” 

 Commercial-Ready Project Solutions

Bringing deployable edge blueprints that are globally adopted into commercial solutions and use cases, Akraino delivers fully functional edge solutions across industry sectors and disciplines. Akraino issued its fifth release (Akraino R5) with three new additional blueprints to address use cases such as smart cities, cloud native multi-tenant, and topology prediction for vehicular networks at the edge. R5 also includes updates to many of its existing 30+ blueprints. Learn  more about Akraino R5 here

EdgeX Foundry, which focuses on edge and IoT solutions, recently issued the most modern, secure, and production-ready open source IoT framework. It’s second major release, “EdgeX Ireland” or “EdgeX 2.0, it overhauls API sets, removes technical debt, provides more message-based communications, and simplifies and secures interface for adopters and developers, making the platform significantly easier to use and more reliable. The community is currently working on its next release, “EdgeX Jakarta” or “EdgeX 2.1”, expected to be the first EdgeX release to include ​​LTS (long-term support). More details on EdgeX Ireland are available here

Home Edge will soon issue its next release, “Dewberries.”  Dewberries continues to build a solid foundation  for Home Edge to grow, with updates to code stabilization, scripting, APIs, data synchronization, and security, among others. Stay tuned for more details on Home Edge Dewberries. 

Project EVE has recently launched a developer program that enables developers to explore EVE-OS as a highly flexible and secure foundation for their edge solutions. This enables them to build deep security and orchestration functionality into their solutions from the start. Learn more about the program through the project Wiki.

Community Support for LF Edge

Dell Technologies

“Data generated at the edge has the power to help businesses make game changing decisions that deliver immediate and essential value, but organizations have to be able to trust their data is accurate,” said Steve Todd, Dell Technologies Fellow. “As the edge expands everywhere –from retail stores and manufacturing floors to smart cities and homes – we believe edge solutions must include the ability to measure data confidence. That’s why we’re donating our Data Confidence Fabric code to Project Alvarium, so any business can trust and have confidence in their edge data.”

Intel

“End to end data transparency is a critical need for enterprises operating at the Edge. Data assurance and
confidence are needed to create systems of trust that allow all consumers of data to understand its terms of use. An
open data confidence fabric, like Project Alvarium, can create this transparency and help enterprises drive toward
environments that minimize data ambiguity.” – Renu Navale, VP & GM, Edge Computing & Ecosystem Enablement,
Intel Corporation

IOTA Foundation

“We welcome Project Alvarium’s extension and integration into the LF Edge portfolio,” said Dominik Schiener, Co-Founder and Chairman of the IOTA Foundation. “The great leaps forward in edge computing constantly push the boundaries of scalability, transaction speed, and security. We are excited to continue leveraging IOTA’s technology for the machine economy applications of tomorrow, together with the LF Edge family.”

mimik

“mimik looks forward to collaborating with the innovative ecosystem that comprises the LF Edge. The LF Edge’s community-driven philosophy underpins mimik’s own core values in today’s increasingly hyperconnected world, which presents opportunities to a group of like-minded individuals and partners to collectively contribute to innovation at the edge. The result is a much larger proposition for the entire community to thrive together than one company winning it all. The opportunities afforded by LF Edge will naturally complement mimik’s eagerness to expand our varied groups of partners and customers that range from large brands to startups. Already, we have started to contribute our learnings and technology while learning from other community members in the ecosystem. mimik strives to edgeifi the world with the LF Edge community of partners,” said Fay Arjomandi, founder and CEO of mimik and 2020 winner of Edge Woman of the Year.

Open  Horizon Project

“mimik provides a platform-neutral solution for serverless execution at the edge. Open Horizon provides a solution for application and machine learning deployment and lifecycle management. Together, Open Horizon and Mimik provide automated management of serverless applications at scale,” said Joe Pearson, Technical Steering Committee chair, LF Edge and Open Horizon.  “What makes mimik’s solution so special is that their micro-services are based on WASM+WASI, which creates language-agnostic, portable, secure, small, and fast serverless functions. Not only are they containerizable and Docker-compatible, they can run up to 10,000 times faster than micro-services based on interpreted languages like Python and NodeJS, at speeds approaching compiled C++.”

Teal Communications

“Our mission to democratize IoT network access through a dynamic provisioning layer synergizes very well with the LF Edge mission to create an ecosystem built around open standards for edge applications. We couldn’t be more excited to join in and contribute to these projects!” – Robert Hamblet, CEO of Teal Communications

Veea, Inc. 

“We are thrilled to join the LF Edge community and are eager to be a part of the future of open source at the edge,” said Allen Salmasi, CEO, Veea, Inc. “The combined capabilities of a properly designed hybrid edge-cloud solution integrated with disaggregated elements of 5G network can provide for a distributed Hyper-Converged Infrastructure (“HCI”) that will drive the next revolution in computing and connectivity. We look forward to collaborating with the broader LF Edge community to help make edge computing more secure, simpler to adopt, deploy, use and maintain.”

About the Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 2,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more. The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit linuxfoundation.org.

Expanded Keynote Line-Up for Open Networking and Edge Summit + Kubernetes on Edge Day Includes Industry Luminaries

By Announcement

Four additional keynotes speakers will grace the main stage at Open Networking and Edge Summit + Kubernetes on Edge Day to share expertise across Automation and AI, 5G, and the power of Open Ecosystems 

SAN FRANCISCO, August 18, 2021 The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, along with co-hosts LF Edge, LF Networking, and Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), ​​today announced four top keynote speakers for Open Networking and Edge (ONE) Summit + Kubernetes on Edge Day, taking place October 11-12 in Los Angeles, Calif. The events will be produced in a hybrid format, with both in-person and virtual participation available, and are co-located with KubeCon + CloudNativeCon North America (October 11-15). 

ONE Summit  is the industry’s premier open networking & edge computing event gathering developers, architects and business leaders across enterprises, government, global services providers and cloud for education, inspiration and collaboration. This year, it is joined by Kubernetes on Edge Day which gathers developers and adopters to share their lessons learned in building, breaking, and bettering their edge infrastructure on top of Kubernetes.

“I am especially eager to learn from our newest confirmed keynote speakers, who represent not only the diversity of our community, but the diversity of expertise across the space,” said Arpit Joshipura, General Manager, Networking, Edge, and IoT, The Linux Foundation. “Join us either in-person or virtually to learn from some of the best and brightest innovators.”

With an extensive program of 80+ talks, ONE Summit + Kubernetes on Edge Day will cover the latest trends across networking & edge across business & technical sessions. Conference tracks include: Enterprise Networking & Edge; Cloud Networking & Edge; Kubernetes on Edge; The New Service Provider (Open Core, Unified Edge & Universal Access); and Business Critical & Innovation.

New Keynote speakers:

  • Dr. Junlan Feng, Chief Scientist & General Manager, China Mobile Research. Dr. Feng also chairs the LF Networking Governing Board. Her presentation will focus on Network Automation and AI
  • Jennifer Kyriakakis, Founder & VP Marketing, MATRIXX Software. Ms. Kyriakakis’ session will focus on Making 5G Real Leveraging Open Source
  • Vanessa Little, Global CTO, Interdynamix (IDX). Ms. Little will speak about Challenges & Innovation in Integration of Open Ecosystem 
  • Amy Zwarico, Director – Cybersecurity, Chief Security Office, AT&T. Ms. Zwarico will participate on a keynote panel, “Security across Cloud, Telecom and Edge – in an open world”

Registration

Registration (in-person) is offered at the standard price of US$1125 through September 20. In-Person Academic and Hobbyist Passes are available for US$575 and Student Passes for US$275. Registration to attend virtually is US$50 for all attendee types. Given the current COVID pandemic, all registration funds are fully refundable up until the day before the event.

Members of The Linux Foundation, LF Networking, LF Edge and CNCF receive a 20 percent discount off registration and can contact events@linuxfoundation.org to request a member discount code. 

Attendees looking to attend ONE Summit + Kubernetes on Edge Day and KubeCon + CloudNativeCon can register for all events through the KubeCon + CloudNativeCon registration form and add their ONE Summit registration at a discounted rate (US$599 for Corporate or US$399 for Individual or Academic).

Health and Safety

In-person attendees will be required to be fully vaccinated against the COVID-19 virus and will need to comply with all on-site health measures, in accordance with The Linux Foundation Code of Conduct. Note, in-person registrations are 100 percent refundable until October 10, 2021. To learn more, visit the Health & Safety webpage and read our blog post. 

Sponsor

Open Networking & Edge Summit + Kubernetes on Edge Day is made possible thanks to our sponsors, including Diamond Sponsors: Intel and Juniper Networks, Platinum Sponsors: Huawei, IBM and Zededa, and Gold Sponsor: Cloud Native Computing Foundation. For information on becoming an event sponsor, click here or email  for more information and to speak to the team.

Press & Analysts

Members of the press and analyst communities who would like to request a press pass to attend should contact Jill Lovato. 

About the Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 2,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more. The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit linuxfoundation.org.

The Linux Foundation Events are where the world’s leading technologists meet, collaborate, learn and network in order to advance innovations that support the world’s largest shared technologies.

Visit our website and follow us on Twitter, Linkedin, and Facebook for all the latest event updates and announcements.

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see its trademark usage page: www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. 

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EdgeX Foundry Releases the Most Modern, Secure, and Production-Ready Open Source IoT Framework

By Announcement, EdgeX Foundry

Four-plus years of collaboration, 190+ contributors, 8M+ container downloads, new retail project ORRA, EdgeX Ready and foundation for future, long-term support pave the way for Ireland release

SAN FRANCISCO August 3, 2021 EdgeX Foundry, a project under the LF Edge umbrella organization within the Linux Foundation, today announced it’s Ireland release. Focused on edge/IoT solutions, EdgeX Foundry’s second major release overhauls API sets, removes technical debt, provides more message-based communications, and simplifies and secures interface for adopters and developers, making the platform significantly easier to use and more reliable. 

“As a leading stage 3 project under LF Edge, the EdgeX Ireland release has expanded use cases across retail, building automation, smart cities, process control, and manufacturing,” said Arpit Joshipura, general manager, Networking, Edge & IoT, at the Linux Foundation. “It’s a key to standardizing IoT frameworks across market verticals.”

“This release sets in motion the opportunity for EdgeX to offer its first ever LTS or long-term support release as soon as the fall.  This is a significant commitment on the part of our open-source community to all adopters that says we stand with you, prepared to help support your use of EdgeX in real world, scalable, production deployments,” said Jim White, chief technical officer,  IoTech,  and EdgeX Foundry Technical Steering Committee Chair. 

Ireland Feature Highlights

  • Standardized and modernized northbound and southbound APIs enrich ease of interoperability across the IoT framework
  • Advanced security is built into the APIs, message bus, and internal architecture of EdgeX
  • New device services (southbound) and new app services (northbound) included in Ireland are also inherently secure (e.g., GPIO, CoAP, LLRP, UART)

Commercialization & Use Case Highlights

  • Open Retail Reference Architecture (ORRA): a new sub-project that provides a common deployment platform for edge-based  solutions and IoT devices. ORRA is a collaboration with fellow LF Edge projects Open Horizon and Secure Device Onboard, incubated by EdgeX Foundry.
  • The new Edgex Ready program highlights users and organizations that have integrated their offerings with solutions leveraging EdgeX;  a precursor to a community certification program. Learn how to become EdgeX Ready through the project’s Wiki page

Learn more about Ireland’s feature enhancements in this blog post

Plans for the next EdgeX release, codenamed ‘Jakarta’ are expected in Q4’ of 2021. 

For more information about LF Edge and its projects, visit https://www.lfedge.org/

About the Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 1,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more.  The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at linuxfoundation.org.

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

Additional Quotes and Community Support

”Beechwoods Software has been a contributing member of EdgeX Foundry since its inception and chairs the Certification Working Group. EdgeX technology is at the core of our EOS IoT Edge platform offering for which we are readying our version 2 release based on the latest EdgeX code base. Beechwoods is pleased with the growing momentum of EdgeX Foundry and look forward to continuing our support and collaboration,” said Michael Daulerio, Vice President of Marketing and Business Development at Beechwoods Software, Inc.

“Canonical is a founding member of the EdgeX Foundry project and has provided technical leadership in the technical steering committee from day one. The Ireland (aka 2.0) release of EdgeX introduces much improved V2 REST APIs, a transition to a secure message bus for data ingestion, and many additional improvements to the security of EdgeX. The cross-company cooperation that contributed to the success and timeliness of this release once again demonstrates the power of open source development. Snaps of the Ireland release of EdgeX are available from the Snap Store using the new 2.0 track, and can be used to build secure enterprise-grade EdgeX deployments using Ubuntu Core 20,” said Tony Espy, technical architect / IoT & Devices, Canonical, and at-large  EdgeX Foundry TSC member. 

“EdgeX Foundry continues to serve as the basis for our Edge Xpert product.  As such, we see the release of EdgeX 2.0 as critical to our company’s success in support of our customers.  It provides the ability for IOTech to add new features and add more value given the new APIs, support for more messaging and overall simplifications of the platform.  On top of that, the move toward an LTS release in the fall based on EdgeX 2.0 is an important milestone of support shown by the EdgeX community.  LTS tells adopters like IOTech that the EdgeX ecosystem stands behind them and is there to provide a scalable, reliable, and robust platform that can be used in production ready solutions,” said Keith Steele, CEO, IOTech Systems. 

Resources:

 

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LF Edge’s State of the Edge 2021 Report Predicts Global Edge Computing Infrastructure Market to be Worth Up to $800 Billion by 2028

By Announcement, LF Edge, State of the Edge
  • COVID-19 highlighted that expertise in legacy data centers could be obsolete in the next few years as the pandemic forced the development of new tools enabled by edge computing for remote monitoring, provisioning, repair and management.
  • Open source hardware and software projects are driving innovation at the edge by accelerating the adoption and deployment of applications for cloud-native, containerized and distributed applications.
  • The LF Edge taxonomy, which offers terminology standardization with a balanced view of the edge landscape, is based on inherent technical and logistical tradeoffs spanning the edge to cloud continuum is gaining widespread industry adoption.
  • Seven out of 10 areas of edge computing experienced growth in 2020 with a number of new use cases that are driven by 5G.

SAN FRANCISCO – March 10, 2020 –  State of the Edge, a project under the LF Edge umbrella organization that established an open, interoperable framework for edge independent of hardware, silicon, cloud, or operating system, today announced the release of the 4th annual, State of the Edge 2021 Report. The market and ecosystem report for edge computing shares insight and predictions on how the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the status quo, how new types of critical infrastructure have emerged to service the next-level requirements, and open source collaboration as the only way to efficiently scale Edge Infrastructure.

Tolaga Research, which led the market forecasting research for this report, predicts that between 2019 and 2028, cumulative capital expenditures of up to $800 billion USD will be spent on new and replacement IT server equipment and edge computing facilities. These expenditures will be relatively evenly split between equipment for the device and infrastructure edges.

“Our 2021 analysis shows demand for edge infrastructure accelerating in a post COVID-19 world,” said Matt Trifiro, co-chair of State of the Edge and CMO of edge infrastructure company Vapor IO. “We’ve been observing this trend unfold in real-time as companies re-prioritize their digital transformation efforts to account for a more distributed workforce and a heightened need for automation. The new digital norms created in response to the pandemic will be permanent. This will intensify the deployment of new technologies like wireless 5G and autonomous vehicles, but will also impact nearly every sector of the economy, from industrial manufacturing to healthcare.”

The pandemic is accelerating digital transformation and service adoption.

Government lockdowns, social distancing and fragile supply chains had both consumers and enterprises using digital solutions last year that will permanently change the use cases across the spectrum. Expertise in legacy data centers could be obsolete in the next few years as the pandemic has forced the development of tools for remote monitoring, provisioning, repair and management, which will reduce the cost of edge computing. Some of the areas experiencing growth in the Global Infrastructure Edge Power are automotive, smart grid and enterprise technology. As businesses began spending more on edge computing, specific use cases increased including:

  • Manufacturing increased from 3.9 to 6.2 percent, as companies bolster their supply chain and inventory management capabilities and capitalize on automation technologies and autonomous systems.
  • Healthcare, which increased from 6.8 to 8.6 percent, was buoyed by increased expectations for remote healthcare, digital data management and assisted living.
  • Smart cities increased from 5.0 to 6.1 percent in anticipation of increased expenditures in digital infrastructure in the areas such as surveillance, public safety, city services and autonomous systems.

“In our individual lock-down environments, each of us is an edge node of the Internet and all our computing is, mostly, edge computing,” said Wenjing Chu, senior director of Open Source and Research at Futurewei Technologies, Inc. and LF Edge Governing Board member. “The edge is the center of everything.”

Open Source is driving innovation at the edge by accelerating the adoption and deployment of edge applications.

Open Source has always been the foundation of innovation and this became more prevalent during the pandemic as individuals continued to turn to these communities for normalcy and collaboration. LF Edge, which hosts nine projects including State of the Edge, is an important driver of standards for the telecommunications, cloud and IoT edge. Each project collaborates individually and together to create an open infrastructure that creates an ecosystem of support. LF Edge’s projects (Akraino Edge Stack, Baetyl, EdgeX Foundry, Fledge, Home Edge, Open Horizon, Project EVE, and Secure Device Onboard) support emerging edge applications across areas such as non-traditional video and connected things that require lower latency, and  faster processing and mobility.

“State of the Edge is shaping the future of all facets of just edge computing and the ecosystem that surrounds it,” said Arpit Joshipura, General Manager of Networking, IoT and Edge. “The insights in the report reflect the entire LF Edge community and our mission to unify edge computing and support a more robust solution at the IoT, Enterprise, Cloud and Telco edge. We look forward to sharing the ongoing work State of the Edge that amplifies innovations across the entire landscape.”

Other report highlights and methodology

For the report, researchers modeled the growth of edge infrastructure from the bottom up, starting with the sector-by-sector use cases likely to drive demand. The forecast considers 43 use cases spanning 11 verticals in calculating the growth, including those represented by smart grids, telecom, manufacturing, retail, healthcare, automotive and mobile consumer services. The vendor-neutral report was edited by Charlie Ashton, Senior Director of Business Development at Napatech, with contributions from Phil Marshall, Chief Research officer at Tolaga Research; Phil Shih, Founder and Managing Director of Structure Research; Technology Journalists Mary Branscombe and Simon Bisson; and Fay Arjomandi, Founder and CEO of mimik. Other highlights from the State of the Edge 2021 Report include:

  • Off-the-shelf services and applications are emerging that accelerate and de-risk the rapid deployment of edge in these segments. The variety of emerging use cases is in turn driving a diversity in edge-focused processor platforms, which now include Arm-based solutions, SmartNICs with FPGA-based workload acceleration and GPUs.
  • Edge facilities will also create new types of interconnection. Similar to how data centers became meeting points for networks, the micro data centers at wireless towers and cable headends that will power edge computing often sit at the crossroads of terrestrial connectivity paths. These locations will become centers of gravity for local interconnection and edge exchange, creating new and newly efficient paths for data.
  • 5G, next-generation SD-WAN and SASE have been standardized. They are well suited to address the multitude of edge computing use cases that are being adopted and are contemplated for the future. As digital services proliferate and drive demand for edge computing, the diversity of network performance requirements will continue to increase.

“The State of the Edge report is an important industry and community resource. This year’s report features the analysis of diverse experts, mirroring the collaborative approach that we see thriving in the edge computing ecosystem,” said Jacob Smith, co-chair of State of the Edge and Vice President of Bare Metal at Equinix. “The 2020 findings underscore the tremendous acceleration of digital transformation efforts in response to the pandemic, and the critical interplay of hardware, software and networks for servicing use cases at the edge.”

Download the report here.

State of the Edge Co-Chairs Matt Trifiro and Jacob Smith, VP Bare Metal Strategy & Marketing of Equinix, will present highlights from the report in a keynote presentation at Open Networking & Edge Executive Forum, a virtual conference on March 10-12. Register here ($50 US) to watch the live presentation on March 12 at 7 am PT or access the video on-demand.

Trifiro and Smith will also host an LF Edge webinar to showcase the key findings on March 18 at 8 am PT. Register here.

About The Linux Foundation

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 1,000 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more.  The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at linuxfoundation.org.

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The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

Linux Foundation, LF Networking, and LF Edge Announce Speaker Line-up for Open Networking & Edge Executive Forum, March 10-12

By Announcement, Event, LF Edge

Technology leaders, change makers and visionaries from across the global networking & edge communities will gather virtually for this unique, one-of-a-kind executive event focusing on deployment progress, 2021 priorities, challenges and more. 

SAN FRANCISCO, February 25, 2020 The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, along with co-hosts LF Networking, the umbrella organization fostering collaboration and innovation across the entire open networking stack, and LF Edge, the umbrella organization building an open source framework for the edge, announced today the speaker line-up for Open Networking & Edge Executive Forum. The schedule can be viewed here and the speaker details can be viewed here.  

Open Networking & Edge Executive Forum (ONEEF) is a special edition of Open Networking & Edge Summit, the industry’s premier open networking & edge event, gathering senior technologists and executive leaders from enterprises, telecoms and cloud providers for timely discussions on the state of the industry, imminent priorities and insights into Service Provider, Cloud, Enterprise Networking, and Edge/IOT requirements. 

ONEEF will take place virtually, March 10-12. Times vary each day to best accommodate the global audience. Attendees will be able to interact with speakers and attendees directly via chat, schedule 1:1 meetings and more as they participate in this community call to action. 

“ONEEF is a great opportunity for the community to come together virtually after a very hard year,” said Arpit Joshipura, General Manager, Networking, Edge, and IoT, The Linux Foundation. “We have an impressive line-up of speakers from across a diverse set of global organizations, ready to share their knowledge and passion about what’s next for our burgeoning industry. Hope you can join us!”

Confirmed Keynote Speakers Include:

  • Madeleine Noland, President, Advanced Television Systems Committee
  • Andre Fuetsch, Executive Vice President & Chief Technology Officer, AT&T Services, Inc.
  • Steve Mullaney, Chief Executive Officer & President, Aviatrix
  • Jacob Smith, Vice President, Bare Metal Marketing & Strategy, Equinix
  • Dr. Junlan Feng, Chief Scientist & General Manager, China Mobile Research
  • Sun Quiong, SDN Research Center Director, China Telecom Research Institute
  • Dr. Jonathan Smith, Program Manager, Information Innovation Office (I2O), DARPA
  • Tom Arthur, Chief Executive Officer, Dianomic
  • Chris Bainter, Vice President, Global Business Development, FLIR Systems
  • George Nazi, Global Vice President, Telco, Media & Entertainment Industry Solutions Lead, Google Cloud
  • Amol Phadke, Managing Director: Global Telecom Industry Solutions, Google Cloud
  • Shawn Zandi, Head of Network Engineering, LinkedIn
  • Tareq Amin, Group Chief Technology Officer, Rakuten
  • Johan Krebbers, IT Chief Technology Officer & Vice President, TaCIT Architecture, Shell
  • Pablo Espinosa, Vice President, Network Engineering, Target
  • Manish Mangal, Chief Technology Officer, Network Services, Tech Mahindra
  • Matt Trifiro, Chief Marketing Officer, Vapor IO
  • Subha Tatavarti, Sr. Director Technology Commercialization, Walmart
  • Said Ouissal, Founder & CEO, ZEDEDA

Registration for the virtual event is open and is just US$50. Members of The Linux Foundation, LF Networking and LF Edge can attend for free – members can contact us to request a member discount code. The Linux Foundation provides diversity and need-based registration scholarships for this event to anyone that needs it; for information on eligibility and to apply, click here. Visit our website and follow us on Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn for all the latest event updates and announcements.

Members of the press who would like to request a media pass should contact Jill Lovato.

ONEEF sponsorship opportunities are available through Tuesday, March 2. All packages include a keynote speaking opportunity, prominent branding, event passes and more. View the sponsorship prospectus here or email us to learn more.  

About The Linux Foundation
The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and industry adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at www.linuxfoundation.org.

The Linux Foundation Events are where the world’s leading technologists meet, collaborate, learn and network in order to advance innovations that support the world’s largest shared technologies.

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage.

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.